l365.  November 39 Edward III Court Rolls. T/P 64/3. Transcribed 1936.         171/59.  

Court held there at le Newhall on Thursday next after the feast of All Saints in the 59th year.
To this Court comes Olive Rook and does to the Lord fealty for the land and tenement in Little Bentolegh which she holds for the term of her life And the lord grants that Richard Mays may be the attorney of the same Olive to do suit at all courts.

At which Court the whole homage elects Thomas Payn to perform the office of bailiff this year And he is sworn.

It is presented that —----- lord Thomas de Veer Earl of Oxford Walter de Reydon end Roger Dekelegh(?) to do homage and fealty.

John Aleyn, John Atte Wode, Robert Lucas owe suit of Court and make default therefore it is ordered that they be distrained.
Court held there at Newehall in the Vigil of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist in the - year.
Amerced 3d.It is found by the inquest that John Aleyn owes suit of court and makes default therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 3d. Also it is presented that Olive Rook owes suit of Court and makes default therefore she is in mercy.
Amerced 12d.Godfrey Panyman did damage in the corn of the lord with five pigs therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 4d. John Sloweberne did damage in the corn of the lord with one pig therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 6d. John Besomby did damage in the pasture of the lord with two chickens therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 4d. William Dekelegh did damage in the corn of the lord with one pig therefore he is In mercy.
Amerced 4d: Thomas Payn did trespass in the corn of the lord with five bullocks therefore he is in mercy..
13s4d: The same Thomas did trespass in the woods of the lord with five oxen therefore he is in mercy.
Sum of this court 18s.4d.

distrained = seize (someone's property) in order to obtain payment of rent or other money owed.

Amerced  = punish with a fine

in mercy  = compassion or forgiveness shown towards someone whom it is within one's power to punish or harm.

1364 Nov 20th

Evading Customs/ Smuggling Edward III Calendar of Patent Rolls


Whereas Thomas Hardyng of Manytre is indicted before Thomas Westminster, earl of Oxford, and his fellows, justices appointed to enquire touchin forestalleries (Buying goods before they reach the market to then sell them at a profit), customable wares taken across the sea without custom and other misdeeds in the county of Essex, of having with other forestalled 400 quarters of wheat, rye and malt, and fish and other wares to the value of 200L coming to Manytre and to the port and market there for sale, from All Saints in the thirty-sixth year to the following Midsummer, and sold them at excessive prices ; and of assenting with others to William Lucas taking, in Whitsun week it the thirty-seventh year, a ship called la Blake Krayer, putting therein 10 & half sacks of wool, not customed, bringing the same to Goseworthe fletc * [Gosworthe] and there putting the wool into ship of Zeeland whereby the king lost the custom, to his damage of 60L. ;, and consenting to and maintaining all the forestallations of Robert Balton and William Lucas, to wit of 200 quarters of wheat and barley and 40 quarters of oats, 4 & half lasts of herrings and herrings to the value of 20L. and having part of the lucre thereof ; and of giving assent and aid with others to Baldwin Flemyng who freighted a ship called Seintmarishep of Zeeland with three bales of woollen cloths, containing 60 dozens, worth 100L., 60 weys of cheese, worth 30L, 20 dozens of woollen thread, worth 10L., and 4 barrels of butter, worth 4L. on Friday before Trinity, in the thirty-seventh year, and transported the same without the realm, without the custom paid, to the king's damage of IOOL : of having with others taken…………..

thirty-sixth year, by extortion and threats, 40L. in chattels and 120 quarters of corn, to the value of 40 marks, which they retained. to themselves so that none of the township could obtain anything thereof, but they excluded the commonalty from it by threats, malicious words and the maintenance of the said Robert and William ; of having with others assented to the said Baldwin taking and discharging without the realm, victuals and innumerable wares uncustomed, to the king's damage of 20L.; of having with others forestalled from All Saints in the thirty-sixth year to the following feast of St. Peter's Chains, all wares coming to the port and town of Manytre, to the damage of the king and people of 40L.; and of being a common forestaller at Manytre, and of abetting and procuring with others at Manytre John Payn of Dedham, on Tuesday in Easter week in the thirty-seventh year, to beat Thomas Pernele because he was watching (insidiabatur) a foreign ship at Misteleye which was to be laden with uncustomed wool, and other merchandise to pass beyond seas ; the king, at the request of his son Lionel, duke of Clarence, has pardoned him the suit of the peace and whatever pertains to the king in the premises, and any consequent outlawries. Furthermore, for 5 marks which Thomas Hardyng has paid to him, he has granted to him all his goods and chattels forfeit for this cause and what pertains to the king of year, day and waste of his lands, not held in chief, which were taken into the king's hand for the said cause.

By K. & C.

LUCAS Family in Manningtree

1493 October. 9 Henry VII Court Rolls. T/P 64/2. 173/27

Old halle and Newhall in Mysteleigh. Court held there on Tuesday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude the ninth year of the reign at King Henry VII.
Jurors: John Dykley for his lands. William Budde for Benfordes. Robert Crystmas for Hastinges. William Estwood for Margery late wife of William Moys for Rookes.
Amercied 3a: Who say upon their oath that the tenants of the Manor of Wrabnase (?)(l/2d) the tenants of the lands late of John Godmanston called Doralontes, (6d) Laurence Bromleigh for Webbes (6d) John Lytylbery (6d) for Lockes and Robert Brooks (6d) for
Lucas owe common suit of Court and now each of them makes default, therefore they are severally in mercy.
Penalty 204: And they say that John Lytilbery is penalized because he has not dug(?) one ditch lying opposite the pightelle late Lockes as he had a- day at the last Court: therefore he is Amercied as in the margin.
And they say that Margery Walton late wife of William Moys holds in the name of her dower after the death of the said William Moya one tenement with divers lands to the same pertaining lying in little Bentle formerly Rookes and the said tenement because the said William Moys died without heirs of his body issuing and also because no one came to claim the said tenement with appurtenances as next heir of the same William and to answer to the Lord for a Herriot and relief as of old etc therefore it is considered by the steward and the tenants that if there shall be any heir to the said tenement that he shall be here at the next Court to prove himself lawful heir by title otherwise the Lord may dispose of the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances as his distraint and seize it by reason of eschaet. And it is shewn to the Lord at this Court by a charter that Thomas Salokyn rector of the Church of Little Bentley and William Smyth of Belomand at one time dwelling in Bentley leased etc to Richard Moys and Margery his wife daughter of Roger Robyns all lands tenements feedings pastures with all their appurtenances ..,...... to the before named Richard Moys and Margery and the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten of the chief lord etc. And if it should happen that the aforesaid Richard and Margery should die without heirs of their body lawfully begotten then the attorney of the aforesaid Thomas Salokyn and William Smith shall sell the aforesaid land and tenement and distribute for the soul of the father and mother of Margery as is best. Given at Little Bentley on Sunday in the feast of St. Hilary. 10 Richard II 1386. And also it is shown by another charter that the aforesaid Margery Moys formerly wife of Richard Moys in her pure widowhood gave etc to Thomas Jamys clerk John Page Smyth of Little Bentley and Walter Stone of Bromley one Messuage in Little Bentley called Moys formerly Rooks with appurtenances to have to the aforesaid Thomas Jamys and others their heirs and assigns of the chief Lords etc with warranty (?) given at Bentley aforesaid 24th April in the 12 year of the reign of king Henry VL and it is shown by another charter that…..Moys the elder of Little Bentley gave, granted and confirmed to Thomas Jamys clerk John Page Smyth and Walter Stone one Messuage in Bentley called Moys formerly called Rooks with appurtenances to Richard Moys and Margery his wife to have etc to the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas Jamys and others; given 4th July in the 13th year of the reign of King Henry VI. 1435.
And they say that the aforesaid John Dykley holds his tenements with appurtenances of the lord by knights service of one knights fee etc and it is heriotable.
And a tenement called Hastinges likewise by knights service and heritable.
[Dorse]  Still of the within [written] Court.
Amercied 3s. And that Geoffrey Gowand has cut down and lopped the woods the Lord called Hookewood and Croppewoode by about 600 9? without the livence of the Lord or of his officers therefore in mercy.
Pain of Forfeiture of l2d : And that John Eastwood has been penalized as he had been at the last Court, because he has encroached upon a parcel of one ditch next Andeland as in the margin.  

John Lucas [Cloth Merchant]‘of Manningtree’  Sent goods via Harwich 1388 on Anne